08 February 2013
My weather station project
Note: This document is a work in progress and will have a few weak parts until I have worked out a few kinks, etc.
- Raspbery PI for fetching data from weather station, grabbing pictures from web camera and pushing to the web.
- A weaher station (This guide is using Davis Vantage Vue)
- A web and database server host (With a public reacable address, running Ubuntu/Nginx/OpenResty/Postgresql)
- A web camera, for still images and timelapse (I bought a Microsoft LifeCam Studio HD)
- Openvpn for secure transfer to web/database server
- some python glue
- my weather frontend in lua+postgresl AmatYr running on a web server
The guide is a bit terse and written in a style that expects familiarity with linux, and will only list the specifics.
Log in to raspberry PI
Install all the dependencies. Some of these are only extra deps required of weewx if you intend to use its own weather page generation. I believe you can skip cheetah, imaging and pyephem.
sudo apt-get install python-configobj sudo apt-get install python-serial sudo apt-get install python-cheetah sudo apt-get install python-imaging sudo apt-get install python-psycopg2 sudo apt-get install python-dev sudo apt-get install python-pip sudo pip install pyephem
Find the latest wersion from weewx download page.
wget -O weewx.tar.gz http://sourceforge.net/projects/weewx/files/weewx-2.1.1.tar.gz/download tar xvfz weewx.tar.gz cd weewx* sudo ./setup.py install
Then download my postgresql patch and apply it.
wget http://hveem.no/weewx-2.1.1.postgresql.patch ; patch -p1 < weewx-2.1.1.postgresql.patch
cd /home/weewx sudo chown -R pi /home/weewx
Configure weewx to match your needs and wants. I use metric system, and disable every weewx's own generation tools.
We also need our specific database setup for amatyr frontend. Note that my patch for weewx for postgresql is at this point incomplate and only supports the archive database. I am in the process of figuring out the statsdb and getting it to work with postgresql.
[StdArchive] archive_database = archive_psql stats_database = stats_psql [[archive_psql]] host = 10.9.36.1 user = wwex password = wwexwwex database = weewx driver = weedb.postgresql [[stats_psql]] host = 10.9.36.1 user = weewx password = wwexwwex database = stats driver = weedb.postgresql
You can do additonal davis specific settings with the next command, like setting altimeter, correct date/time, etc. The important part for me is to set the archive interval to 60 seconds to log to database every 60 seconds.
./bin/config_vp.py weewx.conf --help ./bin/config_vp.py weewx.conf --set-interval 60
Configure weewx to start on boot
sudo cp /home/weewx/start_scripts/Debian/weewx /etc/init.d sudo chmod +x /etc/init.d/weewx sudo update-rc.d weewx defaults 98 sudo /etc/init.d/weewx start
Install and configure openvpn server on the web server
apt-get install openvpn mkdir /etc/openvpn/keys openvpn --genkey --secret /etc/openvpn/keys/raspberry.key cat <<EOF >> /etc/openvpn/raspberry.conf dev tun ifconfig 10.9.36.1 10.9.36.2 secret keys/raspberry.key keepalive 1 60 ping-timer-rem persist-tun persist-key comp-lzo fast-io EOF
Install and configure openvpn client on the raspberry
sudo apt-get install openvpn sudo mkdir /etc/openvpn/keys
Transfer the static key from the web server
sudo scp -p web-server-ip:/etc/openvpn/keys/raspberry.key /etc/openvpn/keys/raspberry.key
Set client conf
cat <<EOF >> /etc/openvpn/raspberry.conf remote web-server-ip dev tun ifconfig 10.9.36.2 10.9.36.1 secret keys/raspberry.key keepalive 1 60 ping-timer-rem persist-tun persist-key comp-lzo nobind float fast-io EOF
Install postgresql database on the webserver
sudo apt-get install postgresql-server sudo -u postgresql psql postgres create user wwex with password 'wwexwwex'; alter role wwex createdb;
Alter posgresql.conf to listen to IP
listen_addresses = '220.127.116.11,10.9.36.1' # what IP address(es) to listen on;
Alter pga_hba.conf to allow connection for IP
host all all 10.9.36.2 md5
Start weewx and check that it's logging OK
You should see successful pushes to database in the logfile after you run these commands:
service weewx start tail -f /var/log/messages
Install AmatYr on the web server
Read its own Readme over at github. Fair warning, project is still in a bit of flux so expect some errors in the doc.
A few pictures of the setup
My dad installing the weather sensore suite
The wireless antenna for sending the signal to the internets
The Raspberry PI connected to a wireless repeater, a web camera and the weather station console
You can visit my own weather site at yr.hveem.no